What is Water Treatment, Is It Chemical?

wide water treatment area - novamen

Fresh and clean water is needed for drinking, cooking, irrigation and industrial purposes, just to name a few. As scientific technology advances before us, the number of urbanization and economic development operations are also growing on the rise. As a result, the world’s current fresh water supply may not be able to satisfy the ever growing demand for more.

This may leave you wondering: to what extent does the world’s current technology allow for us to achieve clean and safe water for human consumption and other uses? What is water treatment, and is it chemical? The following article dives deeper into what water treatments are and how they can contribute positively to the construction industry.

What is Water Treatment?

Water treatment is the process of improving water quality to make it more acceptable for a specific end use. 

Consequently, chemical manufacturing companies have researched and tested for the most innovative solutions to water treatment in order to make water ready and satisfactory for end use. Such end uses may include drinking, industrial water supply, irrigation, river flow maintenance, water recreation, and more.

Why Do We Need Water Treatment?

The construction industry heavily relies on water treatment chemicals to make use of naturally discovered groundwater (water found underground in the cracks and spaces in soil, sand and rock). The substances which are removed during the chemical process may include: suspended solids, viruses, fungi, bacteria, algae, and minerals. 

Drinking water sources are easily subject to contamination; hence, the supply of fresh water requires the proper treatment(s) to remove any disease-causing agents before it is deemed safe for consumption. 

How Does Water Treatment Work?

The water treatment process involves both physical and chemical methods, and the chemicals used are called water treatment chemicals

Throughout history, water treatment systems have generally included the following steps:

  1. Collection
  2. Screening and Straining
  3. Chemical Addition
  4. Coagulation and Flocculation
  5. Sedimentation and Clarification
  6. Filtration
  7. Disinfection
  8. Storage
  9. Distribution

Modern day water treatment systems generally consist of four basic processes:

  1. Boiler water treatment
  2. Cooling water treatment
  3. Water purification
  4. Treatment of wastewater effluent

The Water Treatment Process 

Today, the most common water treatment methods are as listed by the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services:

  • Coagulation and Flocculation – often the first steps in water treatment. Chemicals with a positive charge are added to the water, which subsequently neutralize the negative charge of dirt and other dissolved particles in the water. The particles then bind with the chemicals to form larger particles, called floc.
  • Sedimentation – Floc settles to the bottom of the water supply from its weight.
  • Filtration – Once the floc has settled, the clear water on top will pass through filters of varying compositions (sand, gravel, and charcoal) and pore sizes, in order to remove dissolved particles, such as dust, parasites, bacteria, viruses, and chemicals.
  • Disinfection – After the water has been filtered, a disinfectant (e.g. chlorine, chloramine) may be added in order to kill any remaining parasites, bacteria, and viruses, and to protect the water from germs when it is piped to homes and businesses.

Speaking on the topic of coagulation and flocculation, Andy Brunning at Compound Interest discusses how the organic matters discovered during the process of water treatment can be reused:

“In order to remove organic matter, chemicals referred to as coagulants are added – commonly aluminium sulfate or iron (II) chloride. Coagulants help neutralise the negative charge on the small particles of organic matter in the water, stopping them from repelling each other and allowing them to clump together. 

Flocculation is the mixing process that increases the size of the clumped particles, forming what’s known as a floc. The sludge is then allowed to settle in the subsequent stage, so that it can be removed from the water, treated, and disposed of. Sludge can be added to fields on which crops will be grown.”

Novamen’s Best Selling Water Treatment Solutions

Novamen recognizes the importance of water treatment solutions and the positive change it can bring to the world as the demand for fresh and clean water for consumption is on the rise. 

That’s why we carry water treatment chemical solutions; namely, Anionic Flocculants with a variety of low to high molecular weights and operational purposes so that you may find a water treatment best fit for your project. 

To learn more, you may wish to visit our product catalogue listing by clicking here.

Learn More about Water Treatment

If you have any additional questions about water treatments, feel free to contact Novamen via email (info@novamen.ca) or through our toll-free number at 1-833-348-5956 to speak with a water treatment solutions specialist today. 

Novamen Inc. is happy to provide you with the customer care, resources and information you’ll need to choose the water treatment solution that’s right for you.

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